Finding The Origins: Where Are Betta Fish From? (2024)

Have you ever seen the magnificent betta fish in an aquarium, also known as the Siamese fighting fish? They are stunning and fascinating creatures. But did you know where these fish originate from Southeast Asia, mainly Thailand, and Vietnam? This writing will enlighten you about where these fish come from, their usual habitat, and their behavior. Let’s get excited and explore the betta fish’s origin!

Up to 50% OFF Clearance Sale!
100% Working Verified Coupons - 24 hrs Updated Petco - Last Used 3 mins ago.
100% Working Verified Coupons - 24 hrs Updated Petco - Last Used 3 mins ago. Show Less

Introduction to Betta Fish

where do betta fish come from Betta Fish Swimming

Betta fish are a species of freshwater fish that originate from Southeast Asia, mainly Thailand and Vietnam. They are from the Osphronemidae family and are part of the Betta genus. Their scales are incredibly vibrant, and their fins are one-of-a-kind, with colors ranging from blues, greens, reds, yellows, and even purples! Betta fish have been a favorite of aquariums for centuries, but their recognition has amplified in recent years.

Where Do Betta Fish Come From?

Originating in rice paddies in Thailand, Betta fish can now be found in wetlands throughout Malaysia, Indonesia, Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam. Popularly known as the Siamese fighting fish, these creatures boast similar attributes and habits to their pet counterparts but sport unique hues and diets.

Wild Bettas boast gray to green shades with darker backgrounds and tend to have shorter fins and tails than their domestic counterparts. All of these features make the warm and humid climates of Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Thailand, and Vietnam the perfect winter home for these tropical fish. They can be found in river basins, streams, canals, drainage ditches, swamps, and the original rice paddies of Thailand. Excitingly, these majestic creatures can be found all across Southeast Asia!

Betta Fish
Betta Fish

The Natural Habitat of Betta Fish

Wild Betta Fish
Wild Betta Fish

Betta fish can be encountered in various aquatic habitats, from ponds and streams to even shallow and muddy puddles. They are usually most content in slow-flowing waters that are well-vegetated and provide plenty of places for them to conceal themselves.

In the wild, betta fish typically live in shallow, extensively vegetated areas where they can find refuge from predators. They also take advantage of aquatic plants, like water lilies, for added protection. Excitingly, betta fish can be found in such diverse locations!

Difference Between Wild and Domestic Betta Fish

Betta fish & wild fish

Wild betta fish has a darker hue than their domesticated relatives and usually don’t possess the same level of vibrancy. Wild betta fish also tend to be smaller and more slender than domesticated ones. Through years of selective breeding, people have created domestic betta fish that are larger, more vibrant, and with a range of fin shapes and color patterns!

Wild bettas

where do betta fish come from Betta Fish Swimming

Wild bettas are a part of the Betta splendens complex, which consists of various species – Betta splendens, Betta mahachaiensis, Betta smaragdina, Betta imbellis, Betta siamorientalis, and Betta stiktos. These fish are much darker than their domestic counterparts, typically featuring muted grey to green shades with a darker background behind their scales. Wild bettas are usually quite plain in color and have shorter fins and tails.

These fish live in Southeast Asia in Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, and Malaysia. They are found in shallow freshwater ponds, canals, rice paddies, and other areas with low oxygen levels, as well as in the Mekong Basin area. Excitingly, wild bettas are pretty territorial, and males will automatically fight each other. They usually feed on insects that have fallen in the water and can grow to about 6-7 centimeters depending on their habitat.

Domestic Betta


Domestic bettas, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are a tamed version of the wild Betta splendens. For more than 100 years, they have been selectively bred to produce a variety of colors, patterns, and tail shapes. You can find them in various hues, such as red, blue, orange, green, yellow, and white. Moreover, their fins and tails are available in several shapes and sizes, including the popular half-moon and crown tails.

Orange Betta Fish
Orange Betta
Orange Betta
Blue Betta Fish
Betta Fish Yellow
Betta Fish Yellow
Red Betta Fish
Red Betta
Red Betta
Green Betta Fish
Green Betta
Green Betta
Yellow Betta Fish
Yellow Betta
Yellow Betta
White Betta Fish
White Betta
White Betta

Compared to their wild counterparts, the domestic bettas boast more vibrant colors and have been developed to have more extended fanciful fins and tails. Generally, these fish are kept in small aquariums and bowls, yet they can also be put in larger tanks.

They like temperatures ranging from 74-82 degrees Fahrenheit and prefer a pH level of 6.0-7.5. Furthermore, these fish are omnivores and should be given a mixed diet of dry pellets and frozen or live foods, such as brine shrimp or bloodworms.

Betta Fish
Size3 Inches Length
TemperamentPeaceful, Coexisting
Lifespan2 to 5 Years
TemperatureBetween 74-82°F (23-28°C)
pHBetween 6.5 to 7.5

Do Betta Fish Come From The Ocean?

where do betta fish come from Black Betta fish 1

Absolutely not! Betta fish only inhabit freshwater and do not originate from the sea. They are native to the rivers and creeks of Southeast Asia and cannot reside in saltwater environments. These fish are susceptible to modifications in the water chemistry and cannot thrive in saltwater.

Facts About Betta Fish

where do betta fish come from Introduction to Betta Fish and their Diet

Betta fish can live for a good amount of time in a household if correctly looked after, up to five years! They are omnivores, meaning their diet is a mix of both animal and plant matter, such as bugs, worms, and other small aquatic creatures.
Even more impressive is that Bettas can breathe air, enabling them to exist in oxygen-deficient waters.

  • Fact – 1 🐠

    Betta fish are given names reminiscent of warriors, as they were commonly used in fights during the 1800s.

  • Fact – 2 🐠

    There are roughly 70 different species of betta fish.

  • Fact – 3 🐠

    Wild betta fish tend to be rather drab in coloration and have smaller fins and tails than domesticated bettas.

  • Fact – 4 🐠

    Betta fish are able to breathe atmospheric air due to their labyrinth organ, allowing them to inhabit waters with low oxygen levels.

  • Fact – 5 🐠

    Betta fish are incredibly territorial, and male specimens are especially aggressive.

  • Fact – 6 🐠

    Male bettas build bubble nests at the water’s surface when it’s time for them to reproduce.

  • Fact – 7 🐠

    Domesticated bettas come in a wide array of colors, and their fins and tails come in a variety of shapes and sizes.

  • Fact – 8 🐠

    Domesticated bettas are omnivores and should be fed a varied food selection.

  • Fact – 9 🐠

    Betta fish have a lifespan of around 5-7 years.

  • Fact – 10 🐠

    Bettas are one of the few fish that can be taught to recognize their owners and be trained to do tricks.

Where do Betta Fish live

Betta Fish wild
Betta Fish wild

Betta fish, originally from Thailand (previously called Siam), can be found in many parts of Asia, like Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Dominican Republic. They live in shallow bodies of water with many plants, such as rice paddies and swamps, and they prefer warm, stagnant water low in oxygen.

They can easily die if forced to move to a different home. The temperatures they experience in the wild can range from 15°C in winter to 40°C in the summer, and the pH can be anywhere from acidic to alkaline. The hardness of water also varies depending on the species, ranging from very soft to hard or even brackish. Excitingly, these fish can survive in a variety of different conditions!

Betta Fish
Size3 Inches Length
TemperamentPeaceful, Coexisting
Lifespan2 to 5 Years
Temperature(Winter 15°C) (Summer 40°C)
pHBetween 6.5 – 8.5

  • Betta Fish Behavior
where do betta fish come from blue betta in a while glass aquarium

Depending on the type and environment of a Betta fish, their behavior can differ drastically! Male Bettas tend to be territorial, flaring their fins and attempting to scare other fish away. On the other hand, female Bettas usually tend to be more relaxed, although they can still act aggressively in particular situations.

Bettas also display signs of intelligence, like recognizing their owners and being able to learn tricks. Other common behaviors consist of building bubble nests and flapping their pectoral fins. Stress and sickness can be identified by a lack of appetite, changing color, sluggishness, and isolation. It is essential to keep an eye on your Betta regularly to make sure they are content and healthy!

Where Do Aquarium Betta Fish Come From?

where do betta fish come from Betta fish Diffrent colour

Aquarium betta fish are bred in a controlled environment by experienced breeders. This enables them to be available in a vast range of colors and fin shapes! These fish are often available in pet stores, but you can also find them online. Taking care of these fish is generally quite easy, but they need a clean habitat to stay healthy.

  • Why Are Betta Called Siamese Fighting Fish?
where do betta fish come from where do betta fish come from two bettas fighting

Betta fish have become popularly known as Siamese Fighting Fish due to their often aggressive nature. Betta fish were initially found in the country of Siam (now Thailand), where they were bred for fighting. People of Siam began referring to them as “fighting fish,” and the name eventually evolved to become what we know today as Siamese Fighting Fish.

In 1909, the Betta was officially named Betta Splendens after being initially named Macropodus Pugnax. Additionally, the name Betta is derived from the Malay word “Betah,” which translates to “biting fish,” which accurately describes their behavior.


If you’re excited to learn more about betta fish, you’ll want to check out Our Website! Betta fish are a type of freshwater fish that originate from Southeast Asia, such as Thailand and Vietnam. They are well-known for their bright colors and distinct fin shapes. In their natural habitat, betta fish prefer slow-moving waters with lots of vegetation and hiding places. These fish have become a popular choice for aquariums, which you can find in pet stores or online.

They are nicknamed Siamese fighting fish since they are territorial and will battle one another to demonstrate dominance. Our Website has plenty of articles on fish keeping, such as product reviews, top-ranking lists, how-to format questions, and more. You’ll learn more about these extraordinary fish and their history with some research!


Are betta fishes man-made?

No, betta fishes are not man-made. Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are a type of fish that naturally occur in the wild in Southeast Asia.

They have been selectively bred by humans for hundreds of years to emphasize certain traits, such as their vibrant colors and long fins. However, they are not genetically altered in any way; all of the characteristics that make them so popular are natural. 

In the wild, betta fish live in shallow, slow-moving water, such as rice paddies and canals. As a result, they have adapted to survive in these areas by having a labyrinth organ, which allows them to breathe air from the surface of the water. This is also why they can live in small bowls and aquariums since they don’t need a strong current to survive. 

So no, betta fishes are not man-made. They are naturally occurring fish with vibrant colors and unique characteristics that have been selectively bred by humans over hundreds of years.

How long do bettas live in the wild?

The life expectancy of a wild betta can vary greatly depending on the environment, diet, and other factors. In general, they are considered short-lived fish, with the average lifespan being somewhere between 2-3 years. However, some have been known to live as long as 5 years in the wild. 

The longevity of a wild betta depends on its environment and the availability of food. In areas with high concentrations of natural predators, bettas may not live as long due to increased competition for food and increased risk of predation. In areas where there is a lack of food sources, such as ponds or streams with reduced water flow, bettas may not live as long either. 

Overall, a wild betta’s life expectancy can vary greatly depending on its environment and diet. With that being said, most bettas live between 2-3 years in the wild with some living up to 5 years.

What does a betta fish do before it dies?

A betta fish is a beautiful, colorful freshwater fish that can live for up to two to three years if well cared for. Unfortunately, like any other pet, it won’t live forever and will eventually die. When a betta fish is nearing the end of its life, there are several signs that you can look out for that will tell you that it’s time to say goodbye. 

First, you’ll notice that your betta fish’s behavior changes. It may become lethargic and not as active as it once was. It may also stop eating and swimming around its tank. You may also notice that its fins start to clump together, its color may become paler, and its scales may start to shed. 

In addition to these physical signs, your betta fish may also become more prone to disease and illness. You may notice that it is developing white patches on its body or that its scales are looking discolored. If you notice any of these signs, it’s important that you take your betta fish to the vet for a check-up as soon as possible. 

Finally, when death is near, your betta fish may start to float at the top of the tank or sink to the bottom. It may also start to lose its balance and not be able to swim properly. These are all signs that your betta fish is near the end of its life, and you should take the necessary steps to ensure that it has a peaceful passing.

What do betta fishes eat in the wild?

Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are native to the warm, shallow waters of Southeast Asia. In the wild, they feed on various aquatic insects, crustaceans, and other small animals

As a carnivore, their diet consists of worms, mosquito larvae, and other small invertebrates like daphnia, cyclops and brine shrimp. They also feed on zooplankton and worms that inhabit the surface layers of the water. 

In terms of dry food, betta fish are not picky eaters and will happily munch on flakes or pellets. Some owners also provide them with freeze-dried bloodworms or daphnia for occasional treats. You can also supplement your diet with fresh vegetables, such as boiled spinach, lettuce, or zucchini. 

Overall, the diet of betta fish in the wild consists of a variety of aquatic insects and other small aquatic animals. Although they can also be fed dry and frozen foods, these should only be used as occasional treats.

Are bettas genetically modified?

Bettas have been selectively bred over many generations to bring out specific traits and colors, such as long fins or vibrant colors. This process is known as artificial selection.

Artificial selection is different from genetic modification which is a more precise process that involves altering the genetic material of an organism by directly manipulating its DNA. Genetic modification is used to create organisms with desired traits that cannot be achieved through conventional breeding techniques.

Bettas are not genetically modified, but they are a popular choice for aquariums because they come in so many colors and patterns. Their vibrant colors and active personalities make them a great addition to any home aquarium.

Is a betta fish saltwater or freshwater?

A betta fish is a freshwater fish, not a saltwater fish. Betta fish come from the wild in Southeast Asia and they live in shallow, slow-moving waters like rice paddies and lowland streams. These environments don’t have a lot of salt in them, so betta fish have evolved to live in freshwater.

In captivity, betta fish can live in either a freshwater or saltwater tank, but it’s important to keep the water conditions stable. Saltwater tanks require a lot more work to maintain than freshwater tanks, so it’s generally best to stick with freshwater for your betta. You’ll want to make sure the pH level is between 6.5 and 7.5, the temperature is between 75 and 80°F, and the water is kept clean and well-filtered.

If you’re looking for a fish that can live in both freshwater and saltwater, there are many other species out there that can handle both environments. Some examples include angel fish, clownfish, and damselfish.

What kind of fish is betta

Betta fish, also known as Siamese fighting fish, are a type of freshwater fish native to the Mekong basin in Southeast Asia. They are known for their long, flowing fins and vibrant colors. Betta fish come in a variety of colors, including red, blue, pink, purple, and even black. 

Betta fish are a popular choice for home aquariums because they are relatively easy to care for, hardy, and have beautiful colors and fins. They do best in small tanks with plenty of vegetation and hiding places. It’s important to keep their tank temperature between 75-80 degrees Fahrenheit, and to change the water regularly.

Betta fish can live up to five years in captivity if they are well cared for. In the wild, they usually live shorter lives due to predation and environmental hazards. They are active and curious fish that enjoy exploring their tank and interacting with their keepers.

Betta fish are social animals but should be kept alone in order to prevent aggression between different betta fish. They can be territorial and will fight other betta fish if they are kept together. It is best to keep only one male betta fish per tank. Female betta fish can be kept together in groups of five or more, but should be monitored closely for signs of aggression. 

So there you have it! Betta fish are a unique type of freshwater fish native to Southeast Asia that make great pets for home aquariums. They have beautiful colors and fins and can live up to five years in captivity if they are well cared for.

Why are betta fish separated?

Betta fish (also known as Siamese Fighting Fish) are known for their beautiful colors and long-flowing fins, but what many people don’t realize is that they can also be quite aggressive. Because of this, it’s important to separate betta fish from each other to ensure their safety and well-being.

The primary reason for separating betta fish is that they are territorial and will fight with each other if they come into contact. Betta fish can be very territorial and they will stake out an area to defend. If two betta fish come into contact, they will flare their fins and display aggressive behavior, often leading to physical fighting. This can result in serious injury and even death for the betta fish involved.

Finally, separating betta fish also prevents mating. This can be important if you’re trying to avoid overpopulation in your tank. If two betta fish mate, they can produce hundreds of fry (baby fish) in a short period of time. This can be difficult to manage and may require you to find homes for all the fry, so separating betta fish helps prevent this from happening.
All in all, it’s important to separate betta fish for safety, health, and population control reasons. Keeping them apart is the best way to ensure their overall health and well-being.

Where is the closest place to purchase betta fish?

The closest place to purchase betta fish depends on where you live. If you are in a large metropolitan area, there are likely to be pet stores that carry betta fish. You can also find betta fish in aquarium stores, which may be located closer to you than a pet store. Some people also choose to purchase their betta fish online, either from an individual breeder or from a fish supplier. 

Aquarium stores are another option for purchasing betta fish, and they may be closer to you than a pet store. Aquarium stores typically carry a wider variety of fish and can provide more advice on selecting the right species for your tank. When visiting an aquarium store, make sure to ask the staff questions about the types of betta fish they have available and their care requirements. 

If you are looking for a more specialized type of betta fish, you may want to consider purchasing them online. Online breeders typically offer a wide selection of different species and colors of betta fish, and they can provide advice on how to care for them. When purchasing online, make sure to read reviews and ask questions about the betta fish before you make your purchase. 

No matter where you decide to purchase your betta fish from, make sure to do your research beforehand so that you can get the best possible fish for your aquarium. Good luck!

Is it possible for Bettas to coexist with other fish?

Yes, it is possible for Bettas to coexist with other fish! Bettas are a type of fish that are known for being very peaceful and can do well in community tanks. However, there are a few things to consider before introducing a Betta into an existing tank.

You’ll want to make sure that the tank is large enough. Bettas require a minimum of two gallons of water, but ideally should be five gallons or more. This will give them plenty of space to swim around and will also help reduce stress levels.

You’ll want to avoid any fish that are aggressive or territorial. Bettas don’t do well in tanks with other fish that may attack them or try to claim territory in the tank. Instead, choose fish that are peaceful and won’t compete with the Betta for food or space.

Overall, if these guidelines are followed, it’s perfectly possible for Bettas to coexist peacefully with other fish in the same tank. However, it’s important to keep an eye on the tank to make sure everyone is getting along and all the fish are healthy and happy!

Is it typical for a newly acquired betta to abstain from eating?

It is not unusual for a newly acquired betta to abstain from eating. It is important to remember that bettas are highly sensitive to changes in their environment, and being introduced to a new home can be very stressful for them. In addition, if you’ve recently moved your betta from one tank to another, it can take some time for them to become acclimated to the new surroundings. 

When a betta first arrives at its new home, it is important to provide them with a comfortable and safe environment. Make sure that the water temperature is within the ideal temperature range of 78-80°F (25-27°C). Additionally, make sure that the water is clean and clear, with no harsh chemicals or pollutants. It is also important to provide plenty of hiding places such as plants or driftwood to help them feel secure in their new home. 

When introducing your betta to its new tank, it is best to wait at least two weeks before feeding them. During this period of acclimation, the betta will be adjusting to its new environment, and it is important that they are not overwhelmed with too much change too soon.

If your betta still refuses to eat after two weeks of acclimation, you may want to consider consulting a veterinarian or experienced fish keeper. They may be able to provide additional advice and suggest potential solutions for getting your betta back on track. 


Adam Smith

Senior Editor of

I am a passionate writer for FishyFishPet, a website dedicated to helping fish pet owners of all levels learn about the best practices for caring for their aquatic companions. On our site, you’ll find a wealth of information on everything from choosing the right fish species to setting up a healthy and thriving tank ecosystem. Whether you’re just getting started with fish ownership or you’re an experienced aquarist looking to expand your knowledge, FishyFishPet has something for everyone. Thank you for stopping by and I hope you find our site helpful and informative.

2 thoughts on “Finding The Origins: Where Are Betta Fish From? (2024)”

Leave a Comment